There are always many expectations for winter, lying on ice, camping, digging snow caves, and every wind feels so strong. Every snow is exciting. Spring, summer, and autumn are just a little bit of trouble, and winter is the time to test camping skills. Waking up from a warm and soft sleeping bag and then drilling out of the tent, you can embrace this pure white world.
First keep warm
If you can’t keep warm well, you will greatly reduce the feeling of camping in the snow. Before going to bed, you should use the temperature of the stove to raise the temperature in the tent. It is best to use thicker clothing and blankets to maintain your temperature. During the day, you place the heater in the center of the tent,which will be help to balance the surrounding temperature. At night, when adjusting the sleeping bag, you place the heater on a safe edge to avoid damage to the tent. You can fall asleep while maintaining normal body temperature.
If you have not a heater, you can make a temporary hot water bottle by yourself,and fill the kettle with hot water (note the use of a kettle that can withstand high temperatures), and then wrap the kettle with socks so that it can be placed in a sleeping bag as a heat source and wake up the next morning You can drink it.
Bring instant food in winter
Camping in winter and summer is too hard, especially physical exhaustion, so we must prepare some fast-conducting fast food, and the amount must be sufficient. so the simple and quick way of cooking is very important.
Also prepare some small foods, such as chocolate, compressed biscuits, dried fruit, peanut products, and put them in a place that is easily accessible for easy consumption. before you are going to bed at night, you should take out some small foods next to your sleeping bag and add them at any time.
To meet new challenges after walking up.
When you go out in winter, few people usually camp in the snow. But in order to enjoy some extreme scenes, camping is necessary, such as shooting snow orbits or snowy mountains watching the sunrise. So what are the precautions for camping in the snow?
First, the sleeping bag of camping in the snow can not be placed directly on the ground with ice and snow, lest the human body will make the ice and snow melt and get cold. The sleeping bag should be fully fluffy before using it, so that the heat preservation effect is better. Sleeping bags must always be kept dry and should be dried in the sun on sunny days. After each use, let off the warm air in the bag, lest the water vapor condense and wet the sleeping bag after the warm air is not as expected. When entering the sleeping bag, do not wear too much clothes, wearing too much will make people sweat, causing the sleeping bag to be wet, and the thermal insulation performance will be reduced.
It is important to keep clothes dry, especially gloves and socks. It is best to dry it with fire at night or put it in a sleeping bag and use body temperature to dry it when you sleep. Do not wear shoes to bake your feet, which is not only not easy to dry, but also produces water vapor inside. Walking in the ice and snow will condense into ice when you go out again, which is prone to frostbite. Hunters have a little experience in this respect. Putting a plastic bag on the outside of your socks and putting on your shoes can keep your feet warm and damp.
Never to drink alcohol when it is cold. Although drinking alcohol can temporarily cause a feeling of fever in the body, actual alcohol expands blood vessels, increases the heat dissipation of the body, and leads to physical weakness.
Camping in winter, sleeping alone is not as warm as sleeping together. Adding two people’s bedding together will be much thicker, and each other can use body temperature to keep warm. No matter sleeping alone or sleeping together, you can’t wear cotton-padded clothes, as it will get colder and colder. It is best to wear a velvet sweater, put on a leather hat after sleeping, put down the ear of the hat, and wear it back and forth to prevent frostbite. Exercise should be done before going to bed and after waking up to dispel the chill.
1-Confirm your residence before dark.
One of the most important camping tips is: be sure to camp before dark. You need to decide the type of camp according to your own idea, be it a tent, camper or hut. Some adventurers directly cover the sky and fall asleep in a simple hammock. If this is too difficult for you, you may consider bringing a tent during the camping adventure. Even if the tent is the most basic residence in camping, it will be very comfortable if prepared properly. It is best to ask the salesperson of the outdoor sports shop for the tent that best suits your needs and whether the tent is suitable for the size, shape and weight of the tent. Remember: the tent itself does not mean better. After all, you must take it to the camp. Please be sure to try the tent at home first to check if there is a problem to avoid trouble when camping. Bring spare tent poles in case the pillar breaks. Bring old bathroom curtains (the size is slightly smaller than the area of the tent floor) so that it can be spread on the ground to keep the floor dry when it rains.
2-Choose a sleeping bag according to time
The most important technique related to sleeping bags is to choose a sleeping bag suitable for this season. In the warmer months, you can choose a light sleeping bag, but in winter, you need a sleeping bag that can resist low temperatures. Choose a sleeping bag that can be used within a certain temperature range and make sure you feel warm and comfortable. This rated temperature should be lower than the temperature in the camping plan to prevent cooling. If you are in a tent, please choose a mummy-shaped sleeping bag. The sleeping bag can be tightly wrapped in the material. Sleeping bags made of man-made fibers are easier to dry than down sleeping bags and do not cause allergies. But the goose down sleeping bag is very light and easy to carry.
Summer is a very suitable season for camping, enjoying the breeze, flowers, insects. But the wild environment is not as safe as you think. Some poisonous insects, snakes, wasps, etc. that pose a threat to human body are often hidden by dense bushes. When people accidentally touch them, they will attack people. In fact, some places with high mountains and dense forests are the places with the highest incidence of vipers. They usually hide in the woods, grass and bamboo forests.
If you are accidentally bitten by a snake, don’t panic. First of all, we should judge whether it is a snake bite. Usually there are two big and deep teeth marks on the wound, which can be judged as snake bite. If there is no tooth mark and there is no local pain, swelling, numbness and weakness within 20 minutes, it is a non-toxic snake bite. Just clean, stop bleeding and bandage the wound. If conditions permit, send to the hospital for tetanus injection.
Generally its symptoms will gradually appear after 10-20 minutes, After being bitten, it is most important to fight for time. First of all, we need to find a cloth belt or long shoelace to tie the wound 5-10 cm near the upper part of the heart to ease the spread of toxin. But in order to prevent limb necrosis, relax for 2-3 minutes every 10 minutes. Wash the wound surface repeatedly with cold water. Then take the tooth mark as the center, and cut the skin of the wound into a cross shape with a sterilized knife. Then squeeze with two hands, use cupping, or cover the wound with 4-5 layers of gauze, and suck with mouth gauze.
If you meet a viper in the wild, it’s really a terrible thing. So how can we prevent it?
The rosin was foamed and sprinkled around the tent. The ash, lime, kerosene and realgar after burning firewood can be used.For camping in the wild and jungle, weeds around the camp shall be removed, a drainage ditch shall be dug around, and a layer of grass ash shall be scattered to prevent snakes and insects from creeping in.
When you wake up, you should first carefully look around your body to see if there are any snakes or insects nearby who are shocked by sudden activities. Pay attention to keep the camp clean, and all garbage must be buried in time. Because as long as there is star grease, it is possible to attract ants, ants will attract lizards, and lizards will attract snakes. Be careful not to burn fish bones with fire. This smell will also attract snakes. During activities in areas where there are snakes, attention should be paid at any time to reduce the possibility of being bitten by snakes.
In winter, in the early morning of camping outdoors, open the tent, step on the soft silver blanket, rub the cold air of the body skin, you will feel particularly clean. Always feel closer to their own distance with nature. However, it is particularly important to pay attention to the diet in the wild, especially in winter.
All kinds of heating equipment will not heat or heat themselves, it can only slow or reduce the loss of heat in the body, the best way is for the body to store more heat.
1.To reduce the pressure of acceptance and burden,Outdoor cooking utensils need to choose light weight, small size, durable, multi-functional products.
2.Give priority to high-calorie food outdoors, it will consume a lot of physical energy, high-calorie food supplement can give you enough energy reserves.
3.Cooking in the outdoor fire to use the windshield, and to pay attention to the safety of fire, be sure to avoid using fire in the tent.
4.Prepare the ingredients in advance and braise in a heat preservation cup (or beaker). Having a mouthful of hot food after camping is probably the greatest happiness outdoors in winter.
5. Prepare reserve dry food, raisins, beef jerky, chocolate, compressed dry food and other high-calorie portable food. You can be in an emergency when you can’t cook.
Let us start a new camping after a good rest.
When we go camping in the wild, we often encounter all kinds of dangers. One of the things that has to be mentioned is the loss of temperature, which is not a patent for the outdoors in winter, and it is also easy to lose temperature in the mountains, forests, deserts and grasslands in summer.
It means that the heat loss of the human body is greater than the heat supply, resulting in a decrease in the temperature of the core area of the human body, resulting in a series of symptoms such as chills, confusion, heart and lung failure, and even death.Sometimes, the main cause of temperature loss is not that the ambient temperature is too low, but that the heat preservation measures are not well done.
With regard to heat preservation measures, what has to be mentioned is the “stratified dressing method”.
The biggest advantage of layered dressing method is that the thickness of clothing can be adjusted flexibly according to exercise intensity, external environment and weather conditions. This method allows the body to maintain maximum comfort with the lightest weight, while significantly improving the flexibility and coordination of the body. It can effectively avoid the awkward scene of hot when moving, cold when calm down, and wearing bloated constant movement.
It is widely used, not only in winter, but also in other seasons. It is no exaggeration to say that if you want to play outdoors, you must first learn to dress in layers.
However, according to the physique and habits, everyone’s layered dress method is not the same. But the core principle is the same, that is, the layered dressing principle. Refers to the separation of clothing “close layer (also known as the basic layer),” insulation (warm) layer (or middle layer), “protective layer (or outer layer)” three layers to wear, each layer corresponding to the function, and the corresponding clothing requirements are different.
Close to the body layer
The main function of this layer is perspiration, ventilation, as far as possible to keep the body dry. The selection criteria should be “comfortable”, “breathable” and “sweating quickly”. Nowadays, many sports and outdoor brands have clothes made of quick-drying fabrics, which you can choose when you buy them.
In addition, novice choose close layer, must pay attention to one point, because the cotton material wet completely does not have the warm performance, and is not easy to dry, so do not choose the cotton material clothing as the close layer.
Thermal insulation layer
The function of this layer is to lock up the air and retain heat to the maximum extent.The choice and collocation of this layer should be matched flexibly according to personal physique, external environment and sports intensity. Can be a single layer of thick clothing, such as down, soft shell, etc., the advantage of this combination is that the thermal effect is good, but it is not easy to adjust according to the external environment and temperature.
If you use multi-layer thin clothing, remember not to choose cotton material, the reason is the same as above.
The selected criteria are “windproof” and “waterproof”.
The function of this layer is not only to prevent wind and rain, but also to protect the body from foreign bodies (such as forest areas, mountain hiking often encounter sharp branches, rocks, etc.).
Equipment is actually grabbing velvet and hard shell, through the zipper connection form, make a piece of clothing.
Three-in-one equipment can be understood as a piece of clothing with both insulation and protective layer, which is a good choice for beginners or leisure outdoor sports.
In addition to these three layers, hats, gloves and socks are also key. The head corresponding to the hat is the key protective part of the outdoors in winter, and more than half of the heat in the human body is emitted to the outside world through the head. And the head is the core area of the human body, once this part of the body gets cold, the body will lower the blood supplied to the limbs to ensure the temperature of the core area.
Although the hands and feet are not the core areas of the body, they are the most vulnerable to frostbite. Especially in the hands, the flexibility will be greatly reduced after the cold, unable to complete some complex movements, even some simple movements can not be completed. The equipment of these three parts can also refer to the layered dressing method.
In the process of outdoor sports, in addition to keeping the body dry and reasonable clothing matching, we should also maintain adequate drinking water to prevent dehydration (dehydration can also lead to loss of temperature). In addition, some solid sports drinks or salt pills should be kept in the bag to supplement electrolytes. The intensity of outdoor sports should not be too large, do not blindly choose close to or beyond their physical limit of outdoor sports, risk is relatively high,therefore it is important to step by step.
Outings in Summer and autumn, such as bee sting,sometimes with serious consequences. If bee venom enters the blood vessel, anaphylactic shock will occur, even death.
First aid measures:
1.After being stung by a bee, its poisonous needle will stay in the skin. It is necessary to use a disinfectant needle to remove the broken sting in the meat, then forcefully grasp the stung part, and repeatedly suck with the mouth to suck out the toxin. If there is no medicine around, wash with soapy water, and then apply some vinegar or lemon.
2.In case of shock, pay attention to keep breathing unblocked on the road to hospital, and carry out artificial respiration, heart massage and other emergency treatment.
3.After being stung by a wasp, it is basically ineffective to apply ammonia to the affected area. Among the poisonous insects, only the wasp is different. Its toxin is alkaline, because the histamine of the bee venom cannot be neutralized with ammonia, so after pulling out the sting, the wound is sterilized with iodine and alcohol. You can take some antiallergic.
4.After being stung by a bee, it is also necessary to remove the broken thorn first. Unlike wasps, it can be neutralized with ammonia, bicarbonate or soapy water.
When we enjoy a relaxing time outdoors, don’t ignore the hidden dangers around us. No matter how safe you are to camp, always remind yourself.
1. Charcoal grilled food
We can directly grill fish, birds, freshwater mussels and other foods with charcoal fire. Before baking, you can wrap a layer of clay or a layer of leaves so that the food will never burn. This method does not need to pluck hairs, remove internal organs or scrape fish scales. After the food is completely cooked, the scales can be removed by peeling off the dirt wrapped in the outside.
2. Clay pit cooking
You first dig a pit 30 to 40 cm deep in the mud, put the meat pieces, eggs and shellfish food at the bottom of the pit, then put the green plants, grass or cloth leaves that can keep the food clean in the pit in. Then cover the pit with 2cm thick sand or mud and set fire on it. But don’t burn the meat in the pile of leaves, it will produce a smoky smell.
3. Grilling food by campfire
You put the rhizomes of small rhizomes of beasts, small fish, bird plants on wet wooden sticks or small branches, and then put them directly on the campfire.
4. Hot stone steaming
The method is to put the shelled food directly on the hot stone or bake in the middle of the stone (some meat materials need to be wrapped in leaves or grass), wait for the food to be cooked, open the soil, clams, oysters and other things Open your mouth and prepare to eat.
5. Pot cooking
You can use clay to make crocks to cook food, lined with foil, then put in clean water and food to be cooked, then add hot stones until the water boils. You cover with large green leaves for at least one hour until the food is completely cooked.
Outdoor camping varies from person to person. Camping enthusiasts especially like to go camping outdoors, but people who do not like it still do not understand why they have to sleep in a tent and enjoy outdoor camping, especially in winter. Seasonal insect bites do not have the sweltering heat of summer, but the coldness peculiar to winter, which is indeed a headache. Especially when people stop moving and sleep in a tent, cold becomes the biggest enemy.
1. Keep your equipment dry, especially warm clothing such as underwear, socks, shoes and other key parts; Comfortable and lightweight, easy to carry and easy to wear, of course, the key is good cold protection and warmth; socks and jackets should be spared to prevent Wet or change to wear, the warmth effect will be better.
2. The preparation work before outdoor camping must be in place, and all conditions must be ensured; the weather and the weather conditions should be at your fingertips, and the brakes should respond to the changing weather; Do not choose the more difficult weather for adventure, and then go outdoors Camping is also to exercise yourself.
3. Water must be guaranteed. regardless of the destination water source, there should be spare water to prevent accidents; food and water should also Prepare for a few more days, it is better to return from outdoor camping to prevent delays.
4. Camping equipment should be completed, even if it is not used, it can prevent the need for rescue during the midway accident;outdoor camping should be planned well in advance, unified materials, time, place, division of labor and other contents;although there is no small outdoor in winter Insect moths, but accidental beasts must be prevented.
5. Choose jackets as much as possible, sweat-wearing underwear as much as possible, and keep warm socks as much as possible; eat a meal before going to bed, try to eat and drink; it is necessary to keep in touch with family and friends at all times, and you are able to contact others for the first time to facilitate accident rescue.
Your travel will be safety after you pay attention to these.
For the pleasure and tranquility of camping, even if you are very tired, you should choose your camp site carefully. The three most important points in choosing a camping site are drainage, wind and terrain.
01-Survey the terrain carefully
Before setting up a tent, you must carefully survey the terrain. There should be no rolling stones or weathered rocks above the camp. Once you find signs of rock scattering nearby, you must never set up a tent. Try to avoid camping in a concave place. The camp should choose a place close to the water source, which can not only ensure the water for cooking and drinking, If it is far away from the water source, it will cause a lot of inconvenience to the camp, even dangerous.
02-Do not build camping site where mudslides are frequent
Many stones have traces of being wrapped in mud, which is the main sign to identify the occurrence of debris flow. Don’t choose camps too close to the debris flow channel.
03-Don’t build camps on river beaches, streams and valleys in thunderstorm days
To prevent being swept away by sudden floods. Many times, the camp will choose to be on the ridge or the banks of the river in order to enjoy the scenery. It is an ideal camping site, but if there is heavy downpour, the water in the valley may suddenly rise suddenly, washing away hiking shoes, food, etc., or even being washed away by the current together.
04-Be sure to pay attention to the local climate, cultural and water conditions before camping in the wild
When you are camping, you need to choose a place with good drainage, do not choose a rainwater channel, and facilitate a path that can be escaped when it is dangerous. When everything is settled, pay attention to the amount and turbidity of the water source and the sound of running water. Never be careless or do not observe carefully.
05-Camps should be sheltered from the wind
The wind will be quickly to take away from the heat of the human body and make people cold. at the same time, the strong wind will take away the tent, which not only disturbs the rest, but also makes it more difficult to light the bonfire. It is also difficult to guarantee cooking and heating, so the camp must be sheltered from the wind. It is best to be on the leeward side of a hill, in a forest or forest clearing, a cave, the side of a ridge, under a rock, etc.
06-Observe for beast footprints, feces, and nests around the camp
Don’t build it in a place where there are many snakes and rats to prevent injury or damage to equipment. Must have mosquito repellent, insect, scorpion medicine and protective measures. Spreading some grass and ash around the camp will very effectively prevent the intrusion of snakes, scorpions and poisonous insects.
07-Try to choose a good place with sunshine
This will make the campsite relatively warm, dry, and clean, making it easy to dry clothes and so on.