How to get water for outdoor camping

In difficult situations, especially in hot areas and desert areas, water is critical.

1.Water source
Natural water sources are as follows:
Surface water: such as rivers, lakes, streams, etc. Groundwater: such as well water, spring water, underground reservoirs, etc. Biological water: For example, some plants contain sufficient water, such as fairy plantain, bamboo, cactus, etc.water form sky: such as rain, snow, dew and melting ice.

2.Purification
Rainwater, spring water, well water and mountain streams can be directly connected. However, still or slowly flowing water contains large amounts of organic matter and bacteria, which need to be purified before replacement. Purification is to eliminate organic matter in water, disinfect and remove odor. In the case of survival in distress, the following simple methods can be used to purify heat.
To be find a container, such as a canvas bag, a polyethylene plastic bag, a large tin can and a sock at one end. Put a layer of fine gravel on the bottom of the container, then put a layer of sand and a layer of charcoal powder. Repeat many times. The more layers, the better. Each layer is about 2.5 cm thick. If there is no sand, use fine gravel instead.Drill some small holes in the bottom of the container, pour water into the container, and accept it with the cup below.In addition, there is a method to purify the water, dig a shallow pit half a meter away from the water source, after a period of time, clear and clean water will seep out of the pit.
3.Disinfection
Boil disinfection. Cook at sea level for at least 1 minute; at higher heights, the time should be extended. For every 1000 meters of altitude, the boiling time can be increased by 3-4 minutes.Chemical disinfection. Disinfectants include diclofenac, iodide and crude drugs. Add 2 tablets of diclofenac in 1 liter of water and let stand for 15~30 minutes to achieve the purpose of disinfection. Without this reagent, 8-10 drops of iodine can be added per liter of water.

4.Sterilization
If you want to kill bacteria, you must perform one of the following methods:Before entering the desert, you can buy some medicines from the pharmacy and follow the alternative instructions. You are also seeking self-help and evasion in the car, you need to be on the plane, and you must also store some things at home in case of unexpected needs.
Normally, 1 piece of purified water can completely purify 1 liter of pure water, and 2 pieces of purified water can purify 1 liter of turbid water. Before using pure water, please let it stand for 30 minutes.Add 3 drops of iodine per liter of clear water to double the turbid water. Settle after 30 minutes of precipitation.Add a little carbon to the water, then boil the water to remove the color. Stir the water to cool and restore its taste or add a little salt.

Camping Tips – campfire

It’s a romantic experience to play guitar and sing by the campfire in the evening. However, if you don’t master the skills of making a campfire, there will be many problems.

If you want to succeed in getting a campfire, the first step is to choose the right location.

Because campfire during camping involves fire prevention and environmental protection, many factors need to be taken into account in site selection. When you are ready to make a campfire, make sure your campsite is allowed to use it.

If you have an old fire in your camp, you should give priority to using it, which can save time, labor and reduce the impact on the environment.

Campfire location is best to choose sand or stone ground, and ensure that there is no combustible within 60-90cm.

Step two: prepare firewood.

Fast and safe fire and reduce smoke, reasonable preparation of firewood is the key. The best way to prepare firewood is to pick up dead branches around the camp instead of cutting down trees.

It needs two materials to ignite the fire step by step. First, ignite the fire and then let it burn continuously.

Kindling: something dry and brittle, such as dry leaves, bark, or twigs.

Combustibles: a thick branch or log that burns for a long time.

Third step:place firewood.

When you have collected enough firewood around the camp, you need to stack it reasonably and then light it. Professional stacking will make it easy for you to ignite firewood, and don’t forget to bring kindling.

Take a thick branch and wedge it into the ground. The end of the branch should be firm. Place other branches against it to form a yurt shape with a gap in the middle to push the fire forward.

If it fails, rebuild the fire, add more igniters and combustion aids, or use alcohol cotton and fruit charcoal to help ignite. Don’t sprinkle gasoline or alcohol on firewood. It’s dangerous. Do not use the burner to ignite, which may cause explosion of the gas tank.

Winter camping Guide-Diet

In winter, in the early morning of camping outdoors, open the tent, step on the soft silver blanket, rub the cold air of the body skin, you will feel particularly clean. Always feel closer to their own distance with nature. However, it is particularly important to pay attention to the diet in the wild, especially in winter.

All kinds of heating equipment will not heat or heat themselves, it can only slow or reduce the loss of heat in the body, the best way is for the body to store more heat.

1.To reduce the pressure of acceptance and burden,Outdoor cooking utensils need to choose light weight, small size, durable, multi-functional products.

2.Give priority to high-calorie food outdoors, it will consume a lot of physical energy, high-calorie food supplement can give you enough energy reserves.

3.Cooking in the outdoor fire to use the windshield, and to pay attention to the safety of fire, be sure to avoid using fire in the tent.

4.Prepare the ingredients in advance and braise in a heat preservation cup (or beaker). Having a mouthful of hot food after camping is probably the greatest happiness outdoors in winter.
5. Prepare reserve dry food, raisins, beef jerky, chocolate, compressed dry food and other high-calorie portable food. You can be in an emergency when you can’t cook.
Let us start a new camping after a good rest.

How to eat without cooking utensils outdoors


1. Charcoal grilled food
We can directly grill fish, birds, freshwater mussels and other foods with charcoal fire. Before baking, you can wrap a layer of clay or a layer of leaves so that the food will never burn. This method does not need to pluck hairs, remove internal organs or scrape fish scales. After the food is completely cooked, the scales can be removed by peeling off the dirt wrapped in the outside.

2. Clay pit cooking
You first dig a pit 30 to 40 cm deep in the mud, put the meat pieces, eggs and shellfish food at the bottom of the pit, then put the green plants, grass or cloth leaves that can keep the food clean in the pit in. Then cover the pit with 2cm thick sand or mud and set fire on it. But don’t burn the meat in the pile of leaves, it will produce a smoky smell.

3. Grilling food by campfire
You put the rhizomes of small rhizomes of beasts, small fish, bird plants on wet wooden sticks or small branches, and then put them directly on the campfire.

4. Hot stone steaming
The method is to put the shelled food directly on the hot stone or bake in the middle of the stone (some meat materials need to be wrapped in leaves or grass), wait for the food to be cooked, open the soil, clams, oysters and other things Open your mouth and prepare to eat.

5. Pot cooking
You can use clay to make crocks to cook food, lined with foil, then put in clean water and food to be cooked, then add hot stones until the water boils. You cover with large green leaves for at least one hour until the food is completely cooked.

Warm measures for camping in winter

There are no wild worms in winter, no rattlesnakes, no noise, no mountains that are quieter than winter. The biggest danger in winter is the low temperatures of hiking and camping. It must be kept warm and protected from frostbite and temperature drops (temperature usually rises rapidly). Specifically how to do it, please refer to the following advice:

Keep clothes and equipment dry

Especially the drying of gloves and socks is very important.

▲ clothes

The outermost layer is to be worn. Recommended for breathable fabrics. Wind and breathability are especially important as winter rainfall may be small. Of course, you can wear a soft shell ,the effect is very good.
The middle layer can be selected from wool materials with good thermal properties. Because the wool material itself does not absorb water, it has a good perspiration effect,which can fix a certain amount of air and maintain a good warmth effect, beside the wool material can be choose by a fluffy and delicate fabric. Compact fleece material. . . This will be better .
Of course, the innermost part is the sweat layer. It is best to choose perspiration underwear. If you don’t have perspiration underwear, you can choose to dry quickly, but don’t wear cotton underwear. Otherwise, it will be very comfortable when walking. It will be very cold to stop. .

▲ warmth measures

When camping in the snow, it is best to put clothes, kettles, cameras, film, etc. in sleeping bags.
It is best to put the clothes in the fire to dry or put them in a sleeping bag, and the body temperature will dry out when people sleep.
Shoes are also best placed in sleeping bags. If you put your shoes outside the sleeping bag the next morning, it will freeze, not easy to wear, and will wear your feet. It takes more than an hour to melt frozen shoes.
Do not wear shoes to bake your feet. This is not only difficult to dry, but also produces moisture in the shoe. When going out, it will condense into ice in the snow and ice, and it is easy to frostbite.
Put a plastic bag outside the socks and put on your shoes to keep your feet warm and moisture-proof.

Winter camping Guide-Diet

In winter, in the early morning of camping outdoors, open the tent, step on the soft silver blanket, rub the cold air of the body skin, you will feel particularly clean. Always feel closer to their own distance with nature. However, it is particularly important to pay attention to the diet in the wild, especially in winter.

All kinds of heating equipment will not heat or heat themselves, it can only slow or reduce the loss of heat in the body, the best way is for the body to store more heat.

1.To reduce the pressure of acceptance and burden,Outdoor cooking utensils need to choose light weight, small size, durable, multi-functional products.

2.Give priority to high-calorie food outdoors, it will consume a lot of physical energy, high-calorie food supplement can give you enough energy reserves.

3.Cooking in the outdoor fire to use the windshield, and to pay attention to the safety of fire, be sure to avoid using fire in the tent.

4.Prepare the ingredients in advance and braise in a heat preservation cup (or beaker). Having a mouthful of hot food after camping is probably the greatest happiness outdoors in winter.
5. Prepare reserve dry food, raisins, beef jerky, chocolate, compressed dry food and other high-calorie portable food. You can be in an emergency when you can’t cook.
Let us start a new camping after a good rest.

Warm measures for camping in winter

There are no wild worms in winter, no rattlesnakes, no noise, no mountains that are quieter than winter. The biggest danger in winter is the low temperatures of hiking and camping. It must be kept warm and protected from frostbite and temperature drops (temperature usually rises rapidly). Specifically how to do it, please refer to the following advice:

Keep clothes and equipment dry

Especially the drying of gloves and socks is very important.

▲ clothes

The outermost layer is to be worn. Recommended for breathable fabrics. Wind and breathability are especially important as winter rainfall may be small. Of course, you can wear a soft shell ,the effect is very good.
The middle layer can be selected from wool materials with good thermal properties. Because the wool material itself does not absorb water, it has a good perspiration effect,which can fix a certain amount of air and maintain a good warmth effect, beside the wool material can be choose by a fluffy and delicate fabric. Compact fleece material. . . This will be better .
Of course, the innermost part is the sweat layer. It is best to choose perspiration underwear. If you don’t have perspiration underwear, you can choose to dry quickly, but don’t wear cotton underwear. Otherwise, it will be very comfortable when walking. It will be very cold to stop. .

▲ warmth measures

When camping in the snow, it is best to put clothes, kettles, cameras, film, etc. in sleeping bags.
It is best to put the clothes in the fire to dry or put them in a sleeping bag, and the body temperature will dry out when people sleep.
Shoes are also best placed in sleeping bags. If you put your shoes outside the sleeping bag the next morning, it will freeze, not easy to wear, and will wear your feet. It takes more than an hour to melt frozen shoes.
Do not wear shoes to bake your feet. This is not only difficult to dry, but also produces moisture in the shoe. When going out, it will condense into ice in the snow and ice, and it is easy to frostbite.
Put a plastic bag outside the socks and put on your shoes to keep your feet warm and moisture-proof.

Winter camping Guide-Diet

In winter, in the early morning of camping outdoors, open the tent, step on the soft silver blanket, rub the cold air of the body skin, you will feel particularly clean. Always feel closer to their own distance with nature. However, it is particularly important to pay attention to the diet in the wild, especially in winter.

All kinds of heating equipment will not heat or heat themselves, it can only slow or reduce the loss of heat in the body, the best way is for the body to store more heat.

1.To reduce the pressure of acceptance and burden,Outdoor cooking utensils need to choose light weight, small size, durable, multi-functional products.

2.Give priority to high-calorie food outdoors, it will consume a lot of physical energy, high-calorie food supplement can give you enough energy reserves.

3.Cooking in the outdoor fire to use the windshield, and to pay attention to the safety of fire, be sure to avoid using fire in the tent.

4.Prepare the ingredients in advance and braise in a heat preservation cup (or beaker). Having a mouthful of hot food after camping is probably the greatest happiness outdoors in winter.
5. Prepare reserve dry food, raisins, beef jerky, chocolate, compressed dry food and other high-calorie portable food. You can be in an emergency when you can’t cook.
Let us start a new camping after a good rest.