Outdoor Camping – avoid poisoning

Camping is full of fun, but because it is far away from the community and camping in the wild, we must make full preparation before departure and travel with experienced people. We have all kinds of troubles when camping out. Now let’s talk about poisoning. There are two common poisoning ways in outdoor: one is poisonous animals and plants, another is food poisoning.

1.Poisonous animals and plants

When hiking or walking, campers should always wear boots, trousers and long sleeve shirts.More common poisonous animals: wasps, poisonous snakes, all kinds of small poisonous insects.

When our skin is damaged by the venom of these animals,the skin will cause skin redness, swelling and burning pain. In severe cases, in addition to local skin damage, there will be different degrees of systemic symptoms.if you are exposed to these two kinds of venom, wash your skin with soapy water as soon as possible, and then apply calamine menthol lotion. If there is obvious redness or erosion, 1% alum solution or 1:500 potassium permanganate solution can be used for cold compress. If there are pustules or secondary infection, anti infection treatment should be carried out.

The three most common poisonous plants are poisonous vine, poisonous oak and poisonous lacquer tree. Slight contact can cause itching. And itching scratch skin exudation of rash fluid, it is easy to spread on the skin, and infect other skin. To avoid this, it is best to clean the affected area with topical alcohol or plenty of water (if no alcohol).

As an emergency measure in the forest, orange leaves (or yellow flowering impatiens) can be crushed and rubbed on inflamed skin. Use calamine lotion to relieve itching and avoid scratching as much as possible. Avoid using hot water on skin with dermatitis and wash worn clothes as soon as possible.

Please walk on the designated path and walk in the middle of the trail to avoid trampling on the roadside plants. Many grasses and subalpine plants are extremely sensitive to foot. If you have to take a risk, choose the most durable and durable surface to walk on (such as rock, gravel or snow).

2.Food poisoning

Contaminated food can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Food poisoning can be solved by the body itself within 24 hours without treatment. Drink plenty of liquid (drink water within 12 hours, then add juice, soup, etc.).

The following points should be noted: wash hands thoroughly before taking food; avoid eating half cooked food; cook meat immediately after thawing without refreezing; eat immediately after cooking; avoid eating foods that nourish bacteria (such as custard, mayonnaise, cream cake, sausage, etc.).

Natural water resources such as river water or spring water should be treated before drinking. Even the most clear water can have problems! Boil for at least 3 minutes and remove water tablets for chemical treatment of drinking water.

Walking stick is not as simple as crutches. according to foreign research reports, when people go down hill, the force on the knee is 22% more than that when using the stick, and the energy consumed by thigh muscles is 21% more than that when using a climbing stick.

It can alleviate the problem of excessive load by changing the support mode of the human body center. However, many outdoor enthusiasts have many misunderstandings in the use of walking sticks. If you can’t use it correctly, you will not be able to reduce the compliance, but will bring you a hidden danger.

Misunderstanding 1: single stick or double stick

Walking stick has two main functions: balance and support, or it can be summed up as one function.
Walking stick can increase the stress point and reduce the load on the leg. However, if you only use one walking stick, no matter where you put it, the supporting force is not balanced. Even if the pressure on one side of the stick will be transferred to the side that is not used, the possibility of injury will be increased due to uneven stress.
Walking stick is not a crutch to support the body when the legs and feet remain unchanged. It is a tool to help you walk with less effort.

Misunderstanding 2: it don’t go bad for a long time

To be sure, if you choose a good brand of walking stick and use it correctly, it is not easy to damage. It is not a consumable. But the walking stick is not an iron stick. It also has some fragile parts that are prone to problems, and some parts will fail due to wear and tear.

Misunderstanding 3: it is suitable for all environments

In fact, the walking stick we bought can be called naked stick, which is suitable for general condition. Good walking stick brands also design a lot of replaceable accessories according to different environments, so that walking sticks can play a big role in different environments.

protective cover: many people think that the rubber cover plays a role in protecting the staff from scraping other items when storing the walking stick. In fact, this rubber cover is far more than that. If walking on hard rock, cement, asphalt road, the effect of using rubber sleeve is far better than ordinary stick tip, that is to say, it can reduce the abrasion of stick tip, and can provide more elasticity and friction.

Stick holder: the role of the stick holder is to prevent the stick tip from being too deep into the ground, which makes the walking stick easier to operate and reduce the possibility of damage to the stick tip. It has more different use environments, which can be roughly divided into: snowy, mud, mountain, etc. Generally speaking, the softer and more unstable the road surface is. It needs a large bearing area.

Wristband: the use of wristband should also be selected according to different needs. Long distance sports require a fully wrapped wrist cover to provide more support; while in general skiing and mountain sports, the foot wide synthetic fabric wristband is more comfortable and light; and for the use in extreme environment, the traditional nylon wristband is more reliable.