The selection and construction of camping sites is a major issue concerning the rest of all personnel, so choosing a camping site can be very careful. The following points should be noted:
Camping rest is inseparable from water, which is the first factor in selecting camping sites. Therefore, camps should be near streams, lakes and rivers for water intake. But we can’t camp on the beach, for there might be power plants in the upstream of some rivers. During the period of impoundment, the beach is wide and the water flow is small. Once the water is released, the beach may be flooded, including some creeks that’s usually small but if a rainstorm occurs, there will be floods even flash floods which must arouse attention to prevent such problems, especially in rainy season and flood-prone areas.
When camping in the field, we must consider the leeward problem, especially in some valleys and rivers, where the problem stands out. Additionally, pay attention to that the tent door should not be windward. Leeward is also a considered for fire safety and convenience.
Keeping away form cliffs.
It's dangerous to camp under the cliff when we are camping, since an accidental strong wind on the mountain may blow down stones and other things, causing casualties.
It is more important to ask villagers for help when there is no firewood, vegetable, food, etc. near the village. Being close to the village also means being near the road, which facilitates the movement and transfer of the staff.
A shady place.
If you need to live for more than two days, in sunny days choose a shady place to camp, such as under a big tree and on the north of a mountain. It’s better to be shone in the morning than at dusk. In this way, if you rest during the day, the tent will not be too sultry.
Being cautious about thunder.
In rainy season or lightning areas, camps should never be built on high ground, under tall trees or on relatively isolated flat ground as that’s easy to suffer lightning strikes.
Camps should be built after being chosen cites, especially for the campsites with a certain scale of field, the construction of the whole camp is particularly important, which can be divided into the following steps:
Flattening the cite.
Clean up the selected tent area by removing stones, shrubs and other uneven, prickly and pointed things; uneven places can be filled with earth or grass. A sloping land can generally be used as a campsite as long as the slope is less than 10 degree.
A complete camp should be divided into camping zone, fire zone, dining zone, entertainment zone, water zone (for washing), health zone and the like. The campsite should be implemented firstly. The fire zone is supposed to be be alee, and at least 10 to 15 meters away from the tent area to prevent that sparks ignite the tent. The dining zone should be near the fire area for cooking and eating. The entertainment zone should be in the downwind of the dining zone to prevent the dust from polluting the tableware and others, 15 to 20 meters away from the tent area to reduce the impact on the companion sleep early. The health zone should be kept at a certain distance from the dining zone and the entertainment zone at the downwind of the camping zone. The water zone should be split into two sections on the creeks and its rivers. The upper section is for edible drinking water and the lower for the domestic usage.